Welcome from the Chairman
Welcome to the website of the Implementing Agreement on Advanced Materials for Transportation (IA-AMT). We are an active, enthusiastic group of materials professionals committed to accelerate the deployment of materials-based solutions for the world's transportation challenges. Our members from the four continents represent a diverse array of materials expertise and professional responsibilities but all share a passion for advancing materials solutions to future vehicular systems for energy security. Since transportation is essential for human welfare, global commerce, and environmental sustainability, we believe our effort will add significant value to our national economic well being and the world at large. Sharing of technical information and conducting coordinated research activities for the benefit of all, is at the core of our existence.
Since 1986, AMT has focused on a program of materials characterization, test method development, and standards setting on promising advanced materials essential to advance transportation technologies. In the early years, the emphasis was on structural ceramics for high efficiency engines. The AMT has transitioned its emphasis to a broad portfolio of advanced materials that have the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of ground transportation vehicles. Our technical activities are organized by individual Annexes on developing integrated surface engineering technology, magnesium corrosion protection, test methodology and standard compilation for fiber composite materials, nano-materials characterization, and characterization of thermoelectric materials. IA-AMT operates primarily through sharing the technical tasks among participating institutes in our member countries, where each member country funds its own work and results are shared with annex membership, all intellectual property developed in task shared annexes reside with the originating organization(s). We are open to new topics of research and we welcome potential new members to attend our technical symposia and help us to identify technology gaps that could be addressed through the cooperative efforts of IA-AMT.
Our member countries are growing. Current participating countries include Australia, Canada, China, Finland, Germany, Israel, United Kingdom, and United States of America. Executive Committee meetings are held twice a year, each with a technical symposium open to interested professionals and or organizations. The meeting locations are held among member institutions.
The information generated in our ongoing technical activities in each Annex is shared with the annex membership only. Special topical reports are released with the approval of the Executive committee and are posted on this website. The Annual reports of the IA-AMT summarizing the activities are also available to the public. Presentations of the technical symposia are posted on the open webpages after three years to protect potential confidential information provided by our industrial partners.
The value of our efforts can only be measured by the practical impact of our technical activities. Feel free to contact us if you need additional information about our research or regarding membership. We hope you share our commitment to the ideals of the IEA IA-AMT; and to the promise of advanced materials can make towards a more secure and prosperous future of us all.
U.S. Department of Energy
The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an intergovernmental body committed to advancing security of energy supply, economic growth, and environmental sustainability through energy policy cooperation. IEA was formed via an international treaty of oil-consuming countries in response to the energy crisis of the 1970s. The governing board of the IEA, which is composed of energy officials from each member country, regularly reviews the world energy situation. To facilitate this activity, each member country provides energy experts who serve temporary staff assignments at IEA headquarters. These staff or secretariats support the governing board by collecting and analyzing energy data, making projections in energy usage, and undertaking studies on specialized energy topics. The governing board is also assisted by several standing groups; one being the committee on energy research and technology (CERT), which oversees and encourages international cooperation on energy technology. Implementing agreements (IAs) are the legal instruments used to define the collaborative technical activities. There are currently 40 active implementing agreements covering research topics such as advanced fuel cells, coal combustion science, district heating and cooling, enhanced oil recovery, fluidized bed conversion, fusion materials, solar heating and cooling, pulp and paper, hydropower, heat pumping technologies, hybrid and electric vehicles, high temperature super conductivity, wind turbines, and high temperature materials. A complete listing can be found at the IEA website, www.iea.org.
The IEA IA-AMT was organized in 1986 by the US Department of Energy, US Army, US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to promote the application of advanced materials in transportation technologies. The activity focuses on establishing consensus on test methods and specifications across the national boundaries so that advanced materials will be available for rapid commercialization of energy-efficient technologies. Japan, Germany, Sweden, and Canada joined IA-AMT to exchange materials and jointly develop test methods to facilitate international trade on new materials. At the beginning, there were 3 technical annexes, including Annex I on exchange of information, Annex II on ceramic powders characterization, and Annex III on mechanical properties of ceramics.
As an example, Annex II consists of 48 technical organizations (30 companies), all key players in ceramics powders and component makers. They came together from 3 continents and in 18 months, a set of test methods and specifications for advanced ceramic powders became available facilitating the free flow of this important raw material, and allowing the development of reliable ceramics for insertion into engine technology. The test methods later became national standards (17) and ISO standards (5). Activities in IA-AMT result in 4 orders of magnitudes, better ceramics, and today, many of them are used in engines (roller lifter, water pump seals, combustion chamber liners, auxiliary power turbines, etc.) for improving energy efficiency.
The current focus of the IA-AMT is to facilitate the development of new materials solutions to improve fuel economy and durability of transportation systems while maintaining environmental friendliness for emissions, recyclability, and human health and safety. Examples of these technologies include (1) light weighting to improve fuel efficiency without compromising safety, durability, and comfort; fuel economy improves by 7% for every 10% decrease in a vehicle's total weight, (2) surface engineering including texturing coupled with advanced thin films and lubricant chemistry for friction reduction and improved durability; this technology has the potential of improving energy efficiency in energy transmission components by 10-15%, (3) novel, durable coating systems for thermal, wear and environmental management, and (4) revolutionary materials (nanomaterials, nano-structured materials, and nano-composites) that have the potential for weight reduction, improved performance, and embedded functional properties.